PENGARUH LOCUS OF CONTROL DAN MOTIVASI INTRINSIK TERHADAP ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOR GURU SMA NEGERI DI KOTA BEKASI

Dwi Septiawati, Neti Karnati, Siti Rochanah

Abstract


Abstrak

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui  pengaruh Locus of Control dan motivasi intrinsik terhadap Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) guru SMA Negeri di Kota Bekasi. Penelitian  dengan pendekatan kuantitatif ini menggunakan  metode survey dan analisa data dilakukan dengan  teknik analisa jalur (Path Analysis). Proses pengumpulan  data  dilakukan dengan  menggunakan kuesioner sebagai intrumen.  Terdapat 192 sampel dari 370 populasi dipilih sebagai unit analisis yang ditentukan dengan menggunakan teknik  proporsional acak sederhana (propotional simpel random sampling). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan : Pertama, terdapat pengaruh langsung positif locus of control terhadap OCB dengan nilai koefisien korelasi sebesar 0,346 dan nilai koefisien jalur sebesar 0,268. Ini memberikan makna peningkatan locus of control guru SMA Negeri di Kota Bekasi akan dikuti oleh peningkatan OCB-nya. Kedua, Terdapat pengaruh langsung positif motivasi intrinsik terhadap OCB dengan nilai koefisien korelasi sebesar 0,314 dan nilai koefisien jalur sebesar 0,218. Ini memberikan makna peningkatan motivasi intrinsik guru SMA Negeri di Kota Bekasi akan dikuti oleh peningkatan OCB-nya. Ketiga, terdapat pengaruh langsung positif locus of control terhadap motivasi intrinsik dengan nilai koefisien korelasi sebesar 0,359 dan nilai koefisien jalur sebesar 0,359. Ini memberikan makna meningkatnya locus of control guru SMA Negeri di Kota Bekasi akan dikuti oleh peningkatan motivasi intrinsik-nya.

 

Kata Kunci: locus of control, motivasi intrinsik, organizational citizenship behavior.

 

Abstract

The study aims to obtain information concerning  the effect of locus of control and intrinsic motivation on organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) of   Public High School teacher  in district Bekasi City. The research with the quantitative approach  used a survey method and data analysis   with Path Analysis techniques. The  data collection process  is done by using the questionnaire  as an instrument. There are   192 samples from 370 population   was selected  as the unit analysis which is determined  by  proportional simple random sampling techniques.  Research result : First, there is a positive direct effect of locus of control on OCB with a correlation coefficient of 0.346 and a path coefficient of 0.268. This gives the meaning of an increase in the locus of control of state high school teachers in the city of Bekasi to be followed by an increase in its OCB. Second, there is a positive direct effect of intrinsic motivation on OCB with a correlation coefficient of 0.314 and a path coefficient of 0.218. This gives the meaning of increasing the intrinsic motivation of teachers of Public High Schools in Bekasi City to be followed by an increase in OCB. Third, there is a positive direct effect of locus of control on intrinsic motivation with a correlation coefficient of 0.359 and a path coefficient of 0.359. This gives the meaning of the increase in the locus of control of public high school teachers in Bekasi City, followed by an increase in intrinsic motivation.

 

Keywords: Locus of Control, intrinsic motivation, organizational citizenship behavior (OCB)


Full Text:

PDF

References


Admin. (28 September 2018). Guru dan Siswa Tuntut Kepsek SMAN 17 Kota Bekasi Dicopot. ZonaPantau,com. URL http://zonapantau.com/2018/09/28/guru-dan-siswa-tuntut-kepsek-sman-17-kota-bekasi-dicopot/

Admin. (28 September 2018). Kesal Sama Kepsek, Guru dan Siswa SMAN 17 Kota Bekasi Gelar Demo. IniJabar.com. URL https://www.inijabar.com/2018/09/kesel-sama-kepsek-nya-guru-dan-siswa.html

Admin. (22 Desember 2017). Dinas Pendidikan Kota Bekasi Terapkan Absensi Digital Untuk

Tingkatkan Disiplin dan Kinerja Guru. Bintangmedia.id. URL

http://www.bintangmedia.id/dinas-pendidikan-kota-bekasi-terapkan-absensi-digital-untuk-tingkatkan-disiplin-dan-kinerja-guru/

Admin. (25 Desember 2017). Tingkatkan Disiplin Sekolah Negeri se-Kota Bekasi Siapkan

Fingerprint. celotehbekasi.com. URL http://celotehbekasi.com/tingkatkan-disiplin-sekolah-negeri-se-kota-bekasi-siapkan-fingerprint/

Armstrong, Michael. (1999). Armastrong’s handbook of Human Resource Management

Practice. London: Kopan Page.

Browne, Carol S, (1985). A Study Of The Locus Of Control Relationships Between Supervising Teachers And Student. Teachers. Indiana: Universitas Microfilm International.

Colquitt, Jason A. Jeffrery A. LePine, Michael J. Wesson, (2015). Organization Behavior Improving Performance and Commitmen in the Workplace 4edition. New York: McGraw Hill.

Deci, Edward..L. and Ryan, R.M. (1987). The Support of Autonomy and the Control of Behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Washington DC: APA PsycNet.

Deci, Edward. L. (1975). Intrinsic Motivation. New York: Plenum Perss.

Greenberg, Jerald. Robert A. Baron, (2003). Behavior in Organizations, 9th Edition. New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Feldman, R. S., Saletsky, R. D., Sullivan, J., & Theiss, A. (1983). Student Locus of Control

and Response to Expectations About Self and Teacher. Journal of Educational Psychology, 75(1): 27-32. URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.75.1.27

Fisher, C.D. (1978). The Effects of Personal Control, Competence, and Extrinsic Reward Systems on Intrinsic Motivation. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance. Purdue: Elsevier Inc,

Hackman, J.R and Oldham G.R., (1975). Development of the Job Diagnostic Survey. Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 60.

Hackman, J.R. and Lawler, E.E., (1971). Employee Reactions to Job Characteristics. Journal of Applied Psychology.

Hanafiah, M. Jusuf, dkk, (1994). Pengelolaan Mutu Total Pendidikan Tinggi. Jakarta: Badan Kerjasama Perguruan Tinggi Negeri.

Hellrigel & Slocum, (2011). Organozational Behavior. Mason: South Western Cengage Learning.

Heywood, J.S. et al., (2017). Locus of Control and Performance Appraisal. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization: Elsevier B.V. Vol. 142.

Ivancevich. John. M, (2001). Human Resources Management The 8th edition. Boston: McGrow Hill.

Japung, Amsar (28 September 2018). Tak Setuju dengan gaya Kepemimpinan Kepsek, Guru dan Siswa SMAN 17 Kota Bekasi Demo. Toptime.co.id URL http://toptime.co.id/tak-setuju-dengan-gaya-kepemimpinan-kepsek-guru-dan-siswa-sman-17-kota-bekasi-demo/

Kreitner & Angelo Kinicki, (2005). Organizational Behavior, The 7th edition. New York: McGrow Hill Education Companies.

McGeea, Andrew Peter McGee. (2016). Search, Effort, and Locus of Control, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization Vol. 126. Elsevier B.V. personal cha

Newstrom, John W. Keith Davis, (2007). Organizational Behavior, Human Behavior At Work, International Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Nugroho, Adi. (8 Agustus 2017). 72 Pelajar SMAN 10 Kota Bekasi Dibuang. Merdeka.Com. URL https://www.merdeka.com/peristiwa/72-pelajar-sma-negeri-10-bekasi-dibuang-sampai-tak-diajar-guru.html

O'Brien, G. E., (2010). Locus of Control, Work, and Retirement. in H. M. Lefcourt, (Ed.), Research with TheLocus of Control Construct. Vol. 3. New York: Academ ic Press.

Organ, D. W., (1998). Organizational Citizenship Behavior: The Good Soldier Syndrome. . Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

Peraturan Pemerintah No. 74 Tahun 2008 Tentang Guru. (2010). Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

Pynes, Joan E. (2009). Human Resources Management For Public And Non Profit Organizations-Third Edition. San Fransisco: Jossey Bass Imprint.

Robbins, Stephen P. and Mary Coulter, (2012). Management, 7th edition. London: Pearson Education.

Rosyad, Abdul. Alfi, Muhammad. Ratusan Siswa di SMAN 8 Kota Bekasi Sebut Kepala Sekolah Otoriter. Kabartiga.com. URL http://kabartiga.com/berita/detail/2017/07/11/pendidikan/ratusan-siswa-di-sman-8-kota-bekasi-sebut-kepala-sekolah-otoriter

Rotter, J. B., (2010). Generalized Xpectancies For Internal Versus External Control of Reinforcement. San Diego: Psychological Monographs: General and Applied. SQ. (1): 609.

Ryan, Richard M. and Edward L. Deci, (2000). Self-Determination Theory and the Facilitation of Intrinsic Motivation, Social Development, and Well-Being. New York: The American Psychological Association, Inc.. 55 (1).

Schermerhorn, John Jr, R. James G. Jerry, Hunt, Richard N. Osbon, Mary Uhl-Bien, (2011). Organizational Behavior. Eleventh Edition. Penn Sylvania: John Wiley & Sons Inc.

Spector, P. E, (1997). Job satisfaction: Application, Assessment, Causes, and Consequences. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Uguak, Uget Apayo. (2007). The Influence of Causal Element of Locus of Control on Academic Acheievement Satisfaction. Journal of Intructional Psychology. 34 (2): 120

Utomo, K.W. (2002). Kecenderungan Kepemimpinan Transaksional dan Transformasional, dan Hubungannya dengan Organizational Citizenship Behavior, Komitmen Organisasi dan Kepuasan Kerja,” Jurnal Riset Ekonomi dan Management 2(2). Surabaya.

Weiss, Alan, (2003). Organizational Consulting How to Be an Effective – Internal Change Agent. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Wilson, John P. (1999). Human Resource Development. London: Kogan Page Limited.


Article Metrics

Abstract views: 27   PDF views: 14